Yoga is a physical, mental, and spiritual practice or discipline which originated in India. The origins of yoga have been speculated to date back to pre-Vedic Indian traditions, as mentioned in the Rigveda. The ultimate goal of Yoga is Moksha (liberation), although the exact definition of what form this takes depends on the philosophical or theological system with which it is conjugated.
- Yoga, as a disciplined method for attaining a goal;
- Yoga, as techniques of controlling the body and the mind;
- Yoga, as a name of one of the schools or systems of philosophy (darśana);
- Yoga, in connection with other words, such as “hatha-, mantra-, and laya-,” referring to traditions specializing in particular techniques of yoga;
- Yoga, as the goal of Yoga practice.
Apart from the spiritual goals, the physical postures of yoga are used to alleviate health problems, reduce stress and make the spine supple in contemporary times. Yoga is also used as a complete exercise program and physical therapy routine.